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Sunday, April 20, 2014

Fluorescent Oil Swirls Over An Experimental Aircraft

When NASA Langley Research Center engineers wanted to put one of their aircraft models through a wind tunnel test, they needed a way to visualize how wind flowed over the design. So they sprayed fluorescent oil onto the model, which is 5.8 percent of the final craft's size. You can see the results here. The tests took place at Langley Research Center's Subsonic Wind Tunnel, which is used for testing aircraft that can take off and land without long runways. The tunnel works well for testing stability, aerodynamics, acoustics and basic airflow, according a NASA description.

Detectan ‘nave espacial’ en la Luna a través de Google Moon

Los sitios web de ufología insinúan que se trataría de una nave espacial o una base extraterrestre
Un usuario del servicio de mapas lunares de Google detectó en la superficie del satélite natural un objeto triangular que parece tener filas de luces. Los sitios web de ufología insinúan que se trataría de una nave espacial o una base extraterrestre, informó el portal RT. El enigmático triángulo de doble cara, que parece tener unas filas de siete puntos de luz en sus costados, fue descubierto por un investigador de casos paranormales apodado ‘WowForReeel’, que lo publicó en un video de su canal deYouTube, indicó Dailymail. “¿Es simplemente un cráter de aspecto extraño o es algo más?”, pregunta el usuario. “Realmente está allí, no es un montaje y no tengo ni idea de lo que es”, concluyó. Sin embargo, ante la aparición de este enigmático objeto triangular, localizado gracias al servicio de exploración lunar virtual de Google, muchos aficionados a la ufología indican que podría tratarse de una base alienígena situada bajo el polvo de la Luna, aunque algunos incluso afirman que sería una construcción humana. Además, según un sitio web sobre ovnis el cuestionable descubrimiento no sería sino “una inmensa nave espacial triangular”, que atestigua la existencia de una tecnología secreta de construcción de aviones furtivos, pero “su tamaño es considerablemente más grande que el de cualquier nave construida en la Tierra”. Hasta la fecha ni los satélites ni los ‘rovers’ de exploración han descubierto en la Luna ni en ningún otro planeta observado ningún elemento parecido a este objeto, asevera el portal, cuyos autores también llegaron a suponer, debido a las impresionantes dimensiones del hallazgo, que se trata de “una especie de base lunar utilizada como instalación para el almacenamiento y el lanzamiento de naves espaciales extraterrestres”

Supersonic Travel: Would you like to get to Sydney, Australia in 4 hours?

While supersonic planes haven’t been available to commercial travelers since 2003, speed freaks can revel in the fact that several new supersonic planes are currently in development.Boeing, Gulfstream and NASA are collaborating on a plane nicknamed the “Son of Concorde,” which would be capable of flying around 2,500 miles per hour. That’s almost twice the speed of the original Concorde, and means a trip from London to Sydney, Australia, would only take four hours, about a fifth of the time it currently takes. The jet would use lighter materials, state of the art engines and a redesigned fuselage to attain the fast speeds.Separately, the Aerion Corporation is working on a new 12-passenger supersonic business jet that would fly at about Mach 1.6, or about 1,200 mph. That’s almost twice as fast as the top speed of a Boeing 747, which is around 650 mph. So a flight from New York to Paris would take about 4 hours and 15 minutes – three hours shorter than current subsonic travel times. The challenge with any new supersonic plane is reducing noise from sonic booms – the loud bangs made by a supersonic plane’s sound waves. Commercial supersonic planes are banned from flying over land in many places because the sonic booms are so distracting to the people below. Researchers at NASA are experimenting with various plane shapes to find the quietest option, which may include a longer, more pointed fuselage than the Concorde had. The need for continued research means supersonic planes won’t be carrying passengers until the start of the next decade, at the earliest. But if it means you can get from London to Sydney in four hours, it will be worth the wait.

El ADN reescribe la historia de la única batalla que enfrentó elefantes africanos y asiáticos

A newly translated Hebrew text claims to reveal where treasures from King Solomon's temple

A newly translated Hebrew text claims to reveal where treasures from King Solomon's temple were hidden and discusses the fate of the Ark of the Covenant itself. But unlike the Indiana Jones movie "Raiders of the Lost Ark," the text leaves the exact location of the Ark unclear and states that it, and the other treasures, "shall not be revealed until the day of the coming of the Messiah son of David …" putting it out of reach of any would-be treasure seeker. King Solomon's Temple, also called the First Temple, was plundered and torched by the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II in the sixth century B.C., according to the Hebrew Bible. The Ark of the Covenant is a chest that, when originally built, was said to have held tablets containing the 10 commandments. It was housed in Solomon's Temple, a place that contained many different treasures. The newly translated text, called "Treatise of the Vessels" (Massekhet Kelim in Hebrew), says the "treasures were concealed by a number of Levites and prophets," writes James Davila, a professor at the University of St. Andrews, in an article in the book "Old Testament Pseudepigrapha More Noncanonical Scriptures Volume 1" (William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2013). "Some of these (treasures) were hidden in various locations in the Land of Israel and in Babylonia, while others were delivered into the hands of the angels Shamshiel, Michael, Gabriel and perhaps Sariel …" writes Davila in his article. The treatise is similar in some ways to the metallic "Copper Scroll," one of the Dead Sea Scrolls found near the site of Qumran in the West Bank. The Copper Scroll also discusses the location of hidden treasure, although not from Solomon's Temple. The treatise describes the treasures in an imaginative way. One part refers to "seventy-seven tables of gold, and their gold was from the walls of the Garden of Eden that was revealed to Solomon, and they radiated like the radiance of the sun and moon, which radiate at the height of the world." The oldest confirmed example of the treatise, which survives to present day, is from a book published in Amsterdam in 1648 called "Emek Halachah." In 1876, a scholar named Adolph Jellinek published another copy of the text, which was virtually identical to the 1648 version. Davila is the first to translate the text fully into English. A story of legends The writer of the text likely was not trying to convey factual locations of the hidden treasures of Solomon's Temple, but rather was writing a work of fiction, based on different legends, Davila told LiveScience. "The writer draws on traditional methods of scriptural exegesis [interpretation] to deduce where the treasures might have been hidden, but I think the writer was approaching the story as a piece of entertaining fiction, not any kind of real guide for finding the lost Temple treasures," he wrote in the email. The Treatise of the Vessels (Massekhet Kelim) is recorded in the 1648 Hebrew book Emek Halachah, pub … The structure of the story is confusing. In the prologue it states that Shimmur the Levite (he doesn't appear to be a biblical figure) and his companions hid the treasures, "but later on the text mentions the treasures being in the keeping of or hidden by Shamshiel and other angels," Davila said. "I suspect the author collected various legends without too much concern about making them consistent." Similarities to the Copper Scroll The Copper Scroll, which dates back around 1,900 years, and is made of copper, shows several "striking parallels" with the newly translated treatise, Davila said. The treatise says that the treasures from Solomon's Temple were recorded "on a tablet of bronze," a metal like the Copper Scroll. Additionally, among other similarities, the Treatise of the Vessels and Copper Scroll both refer to "vessels" or "implements," including examples made of gold and silver. These similarities could be a coincidence or part of a tradition of recording important information on metal. "My guess is that whoever wrote the Treatise of Vessels came up with the same idea [of writing a treasure list on metal] coincidentally on their own, although it is not unthinkable that the writer knew of some ancient tradition or custom about inscribing important information on metal," wrote Davila in the email, noting that metal is a more durable material than parchment or papyrus. An ongoing story The study of the treatise is ongoing, and discoveries continue to be made. For instance, in the mid-20th century a copy of it (with some variations) was discovered and recorded in Beirut, Lebanon, at the end of a series of inscribed plates that record the Book of Ezekiel. Those plates are now at the Yad Ben Zvi Institute in Israel, although the plates containing the treatise itself are now missing. Recent research has revealed, however, these plates were created in Syria at the turn of the 20th century, about 100 years ago, suggesting the treatise was being told in an elaborate way up until relatively modern times.

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Area 51 Revealed in CIA Spy Plane Documents

Good Morning America - Area 51 Revealed in CIA Spy Plane Documents (ABC News) Area 51 in Nevada has long been the subject of wild conspiracy theories about extraterrestrials, time travel and alien autopsies, but newly released declassified documents from the CIA finally acknowledge its existence. The report does not detail the sensational stories that have played out in pop culture for decades, but states that Area 51 was started as a testing site for the government's U-2 spy plane. The report, more than 400 pages, is titled "Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and Oxcart Programs, 1954-1974." The U-2 spy planes were commonly used by the United States during the Cold War in reconnaissance missions around the globe. Officials and former employees have previously acknowledged in passing the existence of the facility and how it was used for testing U-2 planes, but this is the first time the U.S. government has openly referred to Area 51 and given specifics on its operations. The report also features a map of the area. It makes no reference to the status of Area 51 after 1974.
The U-2 planes flew at an altitude of 60,000 feet, which was higher than any other plane at the time, according to the documents. When people who lived nearby saw the unfamiliar planes, they became suspicious and believed Earth was being visited by aliens. "High-altitude testing of the U-2 soon led to an unexpected side effect -- a tremendous increase in reports of unidentified flying objects (UFOs)," the report states. Air Force investigators then attempted to explain such sightings by linking them to natural phenomena, the report says. "U-2 and later OXCART flights accounted for more than one-half of all UFO reports during the late 1950s and most of the 1960s," according to the documents. Security at the facility and its secretive nature have been a constant in the years since Area 51 officially opened for business in 1955. "As the deliveries of U-2 airframes to the testing site increased, a major logistic problem arose: how to transfer Lockheed employees from Burbank to Area 51 without arousing a great deal of curiosity," according to the documents. "The project staff decided that the simplest approach would be to fly the essential personnel to the site on Monday morning and return them to Burbank on Friday evening." The information also documents three fatal crashes that took place during 1956 with U-2 planes. To make Area 51, a facility "in the middle of nowhere," sound more attractive to workers, it was referred to as "Paradise Ranch," or simply "the Ranch." George Washington University's National Security Archive obtained a CIA history of the U-2 spy plane program through a Freedom of Information request and released it Thursday. National Security Archive senior fellow Jeffrey Richelson reviewed the history in 2002, but all mentions of Area 51 had been redacted, according to The Associated Press. Richelson says he requested the history again in 2005 and received a version a few weeks ago with mentions of Area 51 restored. Will the conspiracy theories finally come to an end? Not likely, and after all, some parts of the report are still redacted.

Unearthed Peruvian tomb confirms that women ruled over brutal ancient culture

This ancient Peruvian priestess ruled over her people roughly 1,200 years ago. Archaeologists digging in an ancient Peruvian tomb have unearthed a skeleton, confirming that a mysterious people known as the Moche were ruled by a succession of queens that presided over a brutal and ritualistic society. Centuries ago, in the Sechura Desert of northern Peru — one of the most arid and brutal environments on our planet — the Moche people developed an equally-brutal culture. With no written history left behind, much of their society still remains a mystery, but paintings on pottery have shown researchers evidence of a rigid culture of survival, with ritualized combats where the losing side was sacrificed. Findings in recent years expanded the tale of these people even further, telling a story of how they were ruled by women, priestesses who also acted as queens. The first of the discoveries that hinted at this possibility, apparently, was the Lady of Cao, a mummy unearthed from a tomb in 2006 that showed signs of dying during childbirth. The discovery of yet another priestess's skeleton, the latest of eight found so far, has confirmed this. The body was buried in an elaborate 1,200 year old tomb in Chepén, along with adult and child sacrifices. "This find makes it clear that women didn't just run rituals in this area but governed here and were queens of Mochica society," said project director Luis Jaime Castillo, according to the Associated Free Press. "It is the eighth priestess to be discovered," he added. "Our excavations have only turned up tombs with women, never men." Another important find involved how the Moche culture disappeared. Originally, it was thought that they died off due to a devastating climate upheaval — a 'mega-El Nino' that lasted for 30 years. Evidence in the mountains of northern Peru showed that, sometime between 560 and 650 A.D., there was 30 years of drought followed by 30 years of heavy rain and snow. It's known that when the mountains experience these weather conditions, the Sechura Desert gets the opposite effect, so the Moche would have been subjected to 30 years of rainy weather followed by 30 years of extreme drought. However, recent evidence points to a more violent downturn for the Moche. They apparently survived the extreme shifts in climate, but with scarce resources left over in the aftermath, they turned on each other, exchanging their ritualized combats for a bloody civil war that eventually destroyed them.

LAS DROGAS LEGALES DEL PASADO

Un frasco de heroína Bayer. Entre 1890 y 1910, la heroína era divulgada como un sustituto no adictivo de la morfina y un remedio contra la tos para niños. Vino de coca:
El vino de coca Metcalf era uno entre la gran cantidad de vinos que contenían coca, disponibles en el mercado. Todos afirmaban que tenían efectos medicinales, pero indudablemente que eran consumidos por su alto valor "recreativo" .. Vino Mariani:
El Vino Mariani (1865) era el principal vino de coca de su tiempo. El Papa León XIII llevaba siempre un frasco de Vino Mariani consigo y premió a su creador, Ángelo Mariani, con una medalla de oro. Maltine:
Este vino de coca, fue fabricado por Maltine Manufacturing Company de New York. Obtuvo diez medallas de oro. La dosis indicada era: "Una copa llena junto con (o inmediatamente después de) las refacciones". Niños en proporción. Un pisapapeles de propaganda, de C. F. Boehringer & Soehne (Mannheim, Alemania), "los mayores fabricantes del mundo de quinina y cocaína". Este fabricante tenía el orgullo de su posición de líder en el mercado de la cocaína. Glyco-Heroína:
Propaganda de heroína Martin H. Smith Company, de Nueva York. La heroína era ampliamente usada no solo como analgésico, sino también como remedio contra el asma, la tos y la neumonía. Mezclar heroína con glicerina (y comúnmente azúcar y saborizantes) volvía más agradable el sabor del opiáceo amargo para su consumo por vía oral. Opio para el asma:
Este National Vaporizer Vapor-OL estaba indicado "Para el asma y otras afecciones espasmódicas". El líquido volátil era colocado en una olla y calentado con una lámpara de queroseno. Tableta de cocaína (1900):
Estas tabletas de cocaína eran "Indispensables para los cantantes, maestros y oradores". También calmaban el dolor de garganta y tenían un efecto "reanimador" para que estos profesionales rindieran al máximo en sus performances. "Gotas de Cocaína para el Dolor de Muelas. Cura instantánea":
Las gotas de cocaína para el dolor de muelas (1885) eran populares para los niños. No solo acababan con el dolor, sino que también mejoraban el "humor" de los usuarios. Opio para bebés recién-nacidos:
Usted cree que nuestra vida moderna es confortable? Antiguamente para aquietar a bebés recién nacidos, no era necesario un gran esfuerzo por parte de los padres, pero sí era necesario algo de opio. Este frasco de paregórico (sedativo) de Stickney and Poor era una mezcla de opio y alcohol, distribuída del mismo modo que los condimentos por los cuales la empresa era conocida. Dosis:* Para niños de cinco días... 5 gotas.* Para niños de 2 semanas, 8 gotas. * Para niños de 5 años, 25 gotas.* Para adultos una cucharada llena.El producto era muy potente y contenía 46% de alcohol.

Fluorescent Oil Swirls Over An Experimental Aircraft

irflow Over a Wind Tunnel Model NASA Langley/Preston Martin When NASA Langley Research Center engineers wanted to put one of their aircraft models through a wind tunnel test, they needed a way to visualize how wind flowed over the design. So they sprayed fluorescent oil onto the model, which is 5.8 percent of the final craft's size. You can see the results here. The tests took place at Langley Research Center's Subsonic Wind Tunnel, which is used for testing aircraft that can take off and land without long runways. The tunnel works well for testing stability, aerodynamics, acoustics and basic airflow, according a NASA description.

Ancient Kingdom Discovered Beneath Mound in Iraq

A domestic structure, with at least two rooms, that may date to relatively late in the life of the newfound … In the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq archaeologists have discovered an ancient city called Idu, hidden beneath a mound. Cuneiform inscriptions and works of art reveal the palaces that flourished in the city throughout its history thousands of years ago. Located in a valley on the northern bank of the lower Zab River, the city's remains are now part of a mound created by human occupation called a tell, which rises about 32 feet (10 meters) above the surrounding plain. The earliest remains date back to Neolithic times, when farming first appeared in the Middle East, and a modern-day village called Satu Qala now lies on top of the tell. The city thrived between 3,300 and 2,900 years ago, said Cinzia Pappi, an archaeologist at the Universität Leipzig in Germany. At the start of this period, the city was under the control of the Assyrian Empire and was used to administer the surrounding territory. Later on, as the empire declined, the city gained its independence and became the center of a kingdom that lasted for about 140 years, until the Assyrians reconquered it. [See Photos of Discoveries at the Ancient City of Idu] The researchers were able to determine the site's ancient name when, during a survey of the area in 2008, a villager brought them an inscription with the city's ancient name engraved on it. Excavations were conducted in 2010 and 2011, and the team reported its findings in the most recent edition of the journal Anatolica. "Very few archaeological excavations had been conducted in Iraqi Kurdistan before 2008," Pappi wrote in an email to LiveScience. Conflicts in Iraq over the past three decades have made it difficult to work there. Additionally archaeologists before that time tended to favor excavations in the south of Iraq at places like Uruk and Ur. The effects of recent history are evident on the mound. In 1987, Saddam Hussein's forces attacked and partly burnt the modern-day village as part of a larger campaign against the Kurds, and "traces of this attack are still visible," Pappi said. Ancient palaces The art and cuneiform inscriptions the team uncovered provide glimpses of the ancient city's extravagant palaces. When Idu was an independent city, one of its rulers, Ba'ilanu, went so far as to boast that his palace was better than any of his predecessors'. "The palace which he built he made greater than that of his fathers," he claimed in the translated inscription. (His father, Abbi-zeri, made no such boast.) Two works of art hint at the decorations adorning the palaces at the time Idu was independent. One piece of artwork, a bearded sphinx with the head of a human male and the body of a winged lion, was drawn onto a glazed brick that the researchers found in four fragments. Above and below the sphinx, a surviving inscription reads, "Palace of Ba'auri, king of the land of Idu, son of Edima, also king of the land of Idu." Another work that was created for the same ruler, and bearing the same inscription as that on the sphinx, shows a "striding horse crowned with a semicircular headstall and led by a halter by a bearded man wearing a fringed short robe," Pappi and colleague Arne Wossink wrote in the journal article. Even during Assyrian rule, when Idu was used to administer the surrounding territory, finely decorated palaces were still built. For instance, the team discovered part of a glazed plaque whose colored decorations include a palmette, pomegranates and zigzag patterns. Only part of the inscription survives, but it reads, "Palace of Assurnasirpal, (king of the land of Assur)." Assurnasirpal refers to Assurnasirpal II (883-859 B.C.), the researchers said, adding that he, or one of his governors, must have built or rebuilt a palace at Idu after the Assyrians reconquered the city. A hero facing a griffon Another intriguing artifact, which may be from a palace, is a cylinder seal dating back about 2,600 years. When it was rolled on a piece of clay, it would have revealed a vivid mythical scene. The scene would have shown a bow-wielding man crouching down before a griffon, as well as a morning star (a symbol of the goddess Ishtar), a lunar crescent (a symbol of the moon god) and a solar disc symbolizing the sun god. A symbol called a rhomb, which represented fertility, was also shown. "The image of the crouching hero with the bow is typical for warrior gods," Pappi wrote in the email. "The most common of these was the god Ninurta, who also played an important role in the [Assyrian] state religion, and it is possible that the figure on the seal is meant to represent him." Future work Before conducting more digs, the researchers will need approval from both the local government and the people of the village. "For wide-scale excavations to continue, at least some of these houses will have to be removed," Pappi said. "Unfortunately, until a settlement is reached between the villagers and the Kurdistan regional government, further work is currently not possible." Although digging is not currently possible, the artifacts already excavated were recently analyzed further and more publications of the team's work will be appearing in the future. The archaeologists also plan to survey the surrounding area to get a sense of the size of the kingdom of Idu.

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Pensamiento de hoy

febrero, 2008
Aprender sin pensar es tiempo perdido, pensar sin aprender es peligroso.
Confucio, filósofo chino.


"No hay viento favorable para el que no sabe a dónde va" (Séneca)

Camuflaje OVNI

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En nuestro mundo, una de las facultades que más nos asombra del mundo animal es la llamada mimetismo. Esta es la capacidad de los organismos vivos para pasar inadvertidos para los depredadores. Las variantes son múltiples, desde cambiar el color del pelaje, confundiéndose con su medio, hasta el de adquirir las formas de su entorno, incluso cuando nosotros mismos observamos el comportamiento de animales de nuestro interés, utilizamos el recurso del camuflaje. En la guerra la invisibilidad es una premisa, es por eso que la nación que logre duplicar el camuflaje OVNI obtendrá todas las ventajas sobre su enemigo. Actualmente existen naves invisibles, por lo menos para el radar, como el llamado Stealth Fighter, que por su diseño y pintura especial pasa inadvertido para los radares.

Einstein, en una de sus teorías afirmaba que mediante procesos magnéticos haciendo vibrar un objeto, esté podría desplazar el espectro electromagnético visible que despiden los objetos haciéndolos completamente indistinguibles para el ojo humano. Teoría que se probaría en el tristemente célebre experimento Filadelfia en 1947, con repercusiones bastante lamentables.

Los rayos infrarrojos y ultravioleta están por encima y por debajo, respectivamente, del espectro visible para el ojo humano. Para que una frecuencia infrarroja pueda ser perceptible son necesarios elementos ópticos y tecnológicos de los que carece el ojo humano, sin embargo, un ejemplo claro para poder realizarlo en nuestro hogar, basta colocar un telemando frente a una cámara de video y observarlo en el monitor de televisión.

Esto explicaría cómo aparece y cómo queda registrado en un video un OVNI, cuando al realizar la grabación éste no se observa y ni siquiera es el centro de atención. No obstante, este fenómeno también se produce en negativos fotográficos aun cuando este proceso (óptico químico) es diferente al video. Dando una idea de que si nuestras percepciones físicas no pueden detectar estos avistamientos, sí se cuenta con elementos para poder observarlos.

Otro tipo de camuflaje OVNI (al menos físico y visible), sería el de adoptar las formas del entorno atmosférico, en este caso nubes. Se han registrado avistamientos donde los observadores de estos fenómenos, ven claramente cómo las nubes tienen movimientos caprichosos en el cielo. Estos movimientos por cierto muy semejantes a los observados a través de la historia, donde incluso algunos casos se observan bajar entidades de las mismas.

Por otra parte, la misma maniobrabilidad de algunos OVNI´s hacen que pasen desapercibidos para algunos instrumentos de detección, esto como es de suponerse, sólo es necesario hallarse fuera del campo que cubre un radar, colocándose por encima o por debajo para pasar inadvertido. En medio de estos parámetros explicativos queda otra interrogativa, ¿se pueden ver o fotografiar entidades que se desarrollan en un plano de tres dimensiones? No, no se puede, ya que no obedecen las leyes físicas y ópticas del mismo comportamiento que conocemos, haciendo imposible dejar constancia en una placa o en un video, al menos con la óptica terrestre tal y como la conocemos.

Como se podrá deducir entonces, el hecho de que observemos OVNI´s en el cielo, sólo puede tratarse de un acto consciente de ser observados y enterarnos que allá arriba está sucediendo algo.